- Frizz23 in Berlin, an example of bottom-up urban development
What happens when a city goes with an urban development policy that favours the interests of the people rather than the big property developers? It generates a new way of crafting architecture. This is exactly what has happened in Berlin with the Frizz33 building located at the southern end of the Friedrichstrasse. Lots of players were after the land around the former wholesale flower market. After the wall fell and until now, lots of galleries, pop-up establishments, retail and social initiatives had taken up residence in this area, between the Friedrichstrasse and Daniel Libeskind’s Jewish Museum.
Thanks to the efforts of Dr Helmut Riethmüller from the FORUM Berufsbildung training firm, followed later by the involvement of a group of small investor owners, the government of Berlin assigned the three hotly contested plots to the most promising design concept with the greatest benefits for the population.
This rather novel idea combines training, creative business and spaces for temporary living in an overarching project called Frizz23, the brainchild of Deadline Architekten headed by Britta Jürgens and Matthew Griffin together with FORUM Berufsbildung. This cooperative group was awarded the contract for the lot between the market and the Besselpark in 2014. It took all these years, with ongoing discussion and heated debate between the local players and government but the end result is innovative architecture involving an astonishing 42 investors on the construction team.
In keeping with the structure of this joint venture, Frizz23 consists of a three-building volume. The facade clad in blue aluminium panels and charred wood gives the building a unified appearance. The five floors in the western block, overlooking the Friedrichstrasse and next door to the new headquarters of Berlin’s TAZ newspaper are dedicated to training with rooms for seminars and events. Then the seven-storey tower at the east, which houses minilofts and café connects with the Fromet-und-Moses-Mendelssohn-Platz square. In between these is the Mittelbau, or middle part, which accommodates small creative studios. The floor plans of these spaces are designed for mixed uses based on the needs of the single occupants and ranging from small studios and open space offices through to three-floor units.
Frizz23 doesn’t just offer a new blueprint for bottom-up community architecture, which is actually based on the interests of the occupants, it also gives its users a delightful overview of the history of 20th-century Berlin. We’re talking about the apartment blocks from the ‘60s and ‘70s to the post-modern buildings of the Berlin IBA 1987, with the standout residential tower by John Hejduk, the colourful windows of the Rocket-Tower by Sauerbruch-Hutton, the high-rise apartment blocks on Leipziger Strasse, responding to Axel Springer’s sparkling skyscraper and including the iconic TV tower of Alexanderplatz.
Project: Deadline Architekten - Britta Jürgens, Matthew Griffin, Lorien Beijaert, Wiesje Bijl, Peer Frantzen, Beatrice Kiaunyte, Tim Maaßen, Veljko Markovic, Sarah Milberger, Sasa Müller, Guido Schweiss, Ketsarin Zimmer
Location: Berlin, Germany
Images: Jan Bitter
Clients: FORUM Berufsbildung and V., represented by Sibylle Miram and Dr Helmut Riethmüller, FrizzZwanzig GbR, represented by Arno Löbbecke, Sonja Beeck and Jürgen Willinghöfer, Miniloft Kreuzberg GbR, Britta Jürgens and Matthew Griffin
Programme: 12 conference rooms, lobby with two events rooms for training, 46 commercial units, 14 minilofts (short-term rentals) of 23 - 54 m²
3 apartments of 28 - 50 m²
4 combined living/commercial units of 70 - 100 m²
Project Management: Bollinger + Fehling Architekten GmbH
Landscaping: Planung.Freiraum, Berlin
Structural design: Eisat Gmbh, Berlin
TGA: Plaschka Gmbh, Berlin
Facades: Priedemann Fassadenberatung Gmbh, Berlin
Fire safety: KLW Ingenieure Gmbh, Berlin
Structural consultants: MF Dr Flohrer Beratende Ingenieure Gmbh, Berlin