- Zaha Hadid
BiographyBorn in Baghdad, a naturalised British citizen, Zaha Hadid (1950-2016) is one of the best-known figures on today’s architecture scene, for her attractive, high impact, versatile and evocative style.
She studied mathematics in Beirut in the seventies and then studied architecture in London; after opening her own practice in the British capital (1980) she received her first important international commission in 1983, winning the competition for The Peak Leisure Club in Hong Kong.
The project, which was never built, stands out for the drawings and paintings the architect produced, revealing her exceptional creativity, the thoroughness of her research and her desire to measure herself against spatial limitations and go beyond them, moving away from the classic schemes.
The particular creative approach that came to be Zaha Hadid’s hallmark in subsequent decades has led to numerous retrospective exhibitions of her architectural projects (including sketches, paintings and animations) in prominent contemporary art museums such as MOMA, the Guggenheim and the Deutsches Architektur Museum.
In addition to this creative, interdisciplinary aspect, Hadid stands out for her use of advanced technologies, making her an outstanding representative of modern deconstructivism in architecture.
Her practice, with more than 30 years’ experience working on almost a thousand projects all over the world, is a landmark on today’s architecture scene, with imposing projects conveying a sense of lightness, fluidity and transparency thanks to skilful use of a variety of materials (glass, plastic, titanium plates, steel).
Hadid’s many projects include the Bergisel Ski Jump in Innsbruck (2002); the Rosenthal Center for contemporary art in Cincinnati (2003); the Ordrupgaard Museum Extension in Copenhagen (2005); and MAXXI, the National Museum of 21st Century Art in Rome (2009); l'Heydar Aliyev Center, in Baku (2012).
She has won numerous international awards, including the Pritzker Prize, which she became the first woman to win in 2004; the Royal Gold Medal RIBA (2016).
In addition to her architectural work, Hadid has extended her creativity to interiors and other fields in design, producing collections of Lacoste shoes (2008) and designs for Louis Vuitton and Swarovski.
Zaha Hadid Selected Projects
- 520 West 28th Street, New York (USA)
- New National Stadium, Tokyo (Japan), 2015
- Serpentine Sackler Gallery, London (UK), 2013
- Pierrevives, Montpellier (France), 2012
- The Arum Shell, Venice Architecture Biennale, 2012
- London Aquatics Centre, London (UK), 2011
- Mobile Art Chanel Contemporary Art Container, 2010
- Glasgow Riverside Museum of Transport, Glasgow (UK), 2011
- Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Abu Dhabi (UAE), 2010
- MAXXI - Museum of XXI Century Arts, Rome (Italy), 2009
- Zaragoza Bridge Pavilion, Zaragoza (Spain), 2008
- Neues Stadt-Casino, Basel (Switzerland), 2006
- Ordrupgaard Museum Extension, Copenhagen (Denmark), 2005
- Lois & Richard Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art, Cincinnati (USA), 2003
- BMW Central Building, Leipzig (Germany), 2003
- Bergisel Ski Jump, Innsbruck (Austria), 2002
- Hoenheim-Nord Terminus and Car Park, Strasbourg (France), 2001
- Vitra Fire Station, Weil am Rhein (Germany), 1993
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