One of the best-known and most influential architects of today, Dutch architect Remment Lucas Koolhass
(1944) is the son of the famous writer Anton (1912-1992). He spent his youth in Indonesia, and later frequented the literary and artistic circles of Amsterdam with his father. He worked as a reporter and wrote screenplays for film before graduating in London with a degree in architecture in 1972; he completed his education under O.M. Ungers
at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y.
After working as a researcher at Iuas in New York (under the direction of Peter Eisenman
), he founded OMA (Office for Metropolitan Architecture)
in 1975, emphasising right away “the programmatic aspects of architecture rather than the formal or strictly morphological ones”
Often close to deconstructionism and “remaining above all indebted to modernism”, Koolhaas’s architecture is the result “of complex functional programmes which continue to reveal all their complexity even in their volumetric and distributional structure, often resorting to the most innovative technologies” (Treccani), frequently producing eclectic, spectacular results.
He first rose to fame in 1978 with the publication of the essay Delirious New York (1978) and his plan for expansion of the Parliament in The Hague (in collaboration with Zaha Hadid
), which opened the doors to a number of state-sponsored projects.
Between 1981 and 1988 he worked on the urban plan for the IJ-Plein residential district in Amsterdam (with 1375 apartments, a social centre and a school), followed by another high density residential project in Fukuoka, Japan (1991).
In his plan for Parc de la Villette (55 hectares north of Paris), Koolhaas demonstrates “his artistic programme based on the need to ‘combine programmatic instability with the specifics of architecture’”.
This was followed by projects such as the National Dance Theatre in The Hague (1987) and the Kunsthal Museum in Rotterdam (1992); in the masterplan for Lille (1988-1994) he revises the centre of the French city, from the central street to the shops and the Congress Centre (Congrexpo).
In recent decades he has worked on numerous large-scale projects, illustrated in the 1996 volume S, M, L, XL, in which Koolhaas describes all OMA’s projects, with theoretical texts about issues in urban planning.
After winning the Pritzker Prize (2000), OMA was commissioned to work on several international projects, including the Guggenheim Hermitage Museum in Las Vegas (2001), the Casa da Musica in Porto (2003); Malingue Gallery in Hong Kong (2010); and the Chinese TV Centre in Beijing (2012).
Rem Koolhass selected works and projects
- Museo di Fondazione Prada, Milano (Italia), 2015
- Shenzhen Stock Exchange, Shenzhen (Cina), 2013
- Grattacielo - Sede CCTV (China Central Television), Pechino (Cina), 2012
- Progetto Parc des Expositions, Tolosa (Francia), 2011
- Edouard Malingue Gallery, Hong Kong, 2010
- Dee and Charles Wyly Theater, Dallas (USA), 2009
- Prada Transformer, Seul (Corea del Sud), 2008
- Serpentine Gallery Pavilion (con C. Balmond), Londra (Gran Bretagna), 2006
- Casa da Musica, Porto (Portogallo), 2005
- Leeum Museum, Seul (Corea del Sud), 2004
- Boutique Prada, New York e Los Angeles (USA), 2001-2004
- Ambasciata olandese, Berlino (Germania), 2003
- Masterplan Zollverein, Essen (Germania), 2002
- Hermitage Guggenheim, Las Vegas (USA), 2001
- Educatorium - Università di Utrecht (Olanda), 1997
- Masterlan Euralille, Lilla (Francia), 1994
- Kunsthal Museum, Rotterdam (Olanda), 1992
- Complesso residenziale Nexus, Fukuoka (Giappone), 1991
- Progetto urbanistico del quartiere residenziale IJ-Plein, Amsterdam (Olanda), 1988
- Teatro Nazionale di Danza, L’Aia (Olanda), 1987
Official web site