- Regional Centre for Autism Care in Ciudad Camargo, Mexico
The architecture was developed by the Urbánika studio founded by architects Oscar Chávez and Federico Campos, well known to our readers as winners of the Next Landmark of the Year 2018, together with Acento Colectivo and Plan Proyecto. The solution has been created to closely responds to the use of cognitive accessibility indicators in environments and buildings, established by the La Salle Centre for University Studies in Madrid. The four indicators identified by the research translate into fundamental architectural strategies to create an environment that can support the therapeutic path of young users.
First of all, the architects responded to the need for easy identification of the building from the outside. Covering a total area of 580 square metres, the CRIAA is located inside the Arturo Armendariz childrenâ's park, characterised by large trees over 60 years old, which have been incorporated into the project. The architects tried to take advantage of this proximity to nature, designing four internal courtyards that develop around the trees. A solution that favours natural lighting, while these external and protected spaces make it possible to carry out activities related to outdoor therapies and to host events, as well as to improve the centreâ's microclimate.
The CRIAA features a brick skin whose texture dialogues with the nearly trees and with the shadows created by these. The architects have clearly defined the main access point to the Centre. Indeed, the entrance stands out from the rest of the building, having been placed in the tallest volume and featuring an element in blue that stands out from the façade.
Moreover, great care has been taken in designing the interiors, with the creation of well-identified destinations and routes. As the architects explain: "Through strategic signage, using alternative and augmentative communication pictograms, as well as the use of colour, interior spaces and origin-destination routes are indicated. To reinforce this point, the entrances to the 4 main therapy spaces have a colour coating in the same tone as the furniture inside each of them. As reinforcement, the entrances to these spaces were designed in 4 different widths so that, apart from colour, each room was associated with a specific size when entering them."
Another important aspect was to eliminate any labyrinth effect in indoor environments that is counterproductive to the young patients, as it undermines their spatial cognitive security strong>, important for therapeutic purposes and necessary for their well-being. Thanks to the organisation of the Centreâ's spaces along two main corridors, circulation inside the complex is clearly facilitated as a sequence of spaces without any spatial fractures.
The new centre created by the collaboration between Urbánika, Acento Colectivo and Plan Proyecto clearly illustrates the great power of good architecture in a healthcare setting becoming, in effect, an integral part of the therapy for treating autism spectrum disorders in children.
Project: Urbánika with Acento Colectivo and Plan Proyecto
Location: Ciudad Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico
Images: Delfoz, Federico Campos, Eduardo Fernandez Talamantes