- A City Becomes Colourful, the history of graffiti in Hamburg
A type of artistic expression that describes a change, the appropriation of space by those who actually live the city, in other words not urban planners as promoters, but young and daring young people. A phenomenon that originally arrived from overseas – just think back to the American Keith Haring, one of the genre’s biggest names – at the beginning of the 1980s, including in Hamburg. And with it, Hamburg's cityscape gradually began to change. From a grey city dominated by post-war architecture, Hamburg was suddenly transformed into a colourful and diverse metropolis where graffiti artists, inspired by films like Wild Style and Beat Street made their way around the city at night with spray cans leaving colourful images, symbols and writings on its walls, bridges and train cars. Hamburg soon became one of the European epicentres of the graffiti and hip-hop scene, together with Paris, Amsterdam and Munich.
Born as a subculture, initially an individual hobby, the phenomenon quickly gained popularity and become a network in the city. Artists learned from each other, began planning joint campaigns and what was initially a personal hobby, quickly became a subculture with its own codes and rules. From there, the path to the general public was short and in the late 1980s, the media would soon turn its attention on the sprayers and on the S-Bahn Surfers, the dangerous practice of jumping on city trains. In the meantime, youth centres would begin to provide areas where works could be created safely, while the first museums and galleries would begin to present spray art to a wider public. But the truly remarkable aspect is the fact that the cultural authority in Hamburg began to scientifically study the graffiti phenomenon, allowing the subculture to emerge from the niche. An interest that reaches far beyond the mere anthropological aspect of the phenomenon, with concrete repercussions on the city itself and on how it is seen and experienced. So the question is are there alternative approaches to urban planning to create surplus value in difficult urban contexts?
Visiting the exhibition that opened its door to the public on November 2 and runs until July 31, 2023, it becomes apparent that indeed, graffiti does leave a mark, putting us in close contact with the surrounding urban context. Thus, this exhibition is not merely the story of the origins of this Hamburg youth subculture, narrated by curators Oliver Nebel, Frank Petering, Mirko Reisser and Andreas Timm with almost 500 exhibits, including photos, texts, sketchbooks, spray cans, newspapers, magazines, records and accessories. In their research, the four were able to link their work to the richly illustrated volume"EINE STADT WIRD BUNT" (A CITY BECOMES COLOURFUL), published in 2021, from which the exhibition took its title. Like the book, as we read in the press release, "the exhibition traces the historical arc from the creation of a new city topography after World War II, to the punk and protest culture of the 1980s and the emergence of a bursting graffiti scene." And at the same time it becomes clear how the city of Hamburg has changed over the last 40 years, while fashion draws inspiration on that very period, as we can see on the catwalks of fashion shows and around us.
The exhibition is accompanied by an app that allows visitors to follow in the footsteps of the graffiti subculture as they explore the city. This interactive tool takes visitors to places in Hamburg that were once of great importance for writers, such as the Jungfernstieg Corner, the Königstraße meeting place or the Gymnasium Altona, whose gym wall was once a famous graffiti gallery.
A City Becomes Colourful. Hamburg Graffiti History 1980-1999, curated by Oliver Nebel, Frank Petering, Mirko Reisser e Andreas Timm
November 2, 2022 to July 31, 2023
at the Museum für Hamburgische Geschichte, Hamburg, Germany
Pac Man and NoFu 1984 Rooftop at the S-Bahn between Holstenstraße and Altona Photo Heiko Westphal EINE STADT WIRD BUNT
Fruehes Pieces at Kampnagel in Winterhude around 1986-87 Photo Geschichtswerkstatt Barmbek EINE STADT WIRD BUNT
Commissioned work by the MAC crew for the Hypothekenbank AG June 1989 Photo A. Timm and M. Kiessling EINE STADT WIRD BUNT (A CITY BECOMES COLOURFUL)
B-Base Winner of a graffiti competition organised by the S-Bahn in 1989 Photo Werner Mr.W Skolimowski EINE STADT WIRD BUNT
Cisco spraying a window-down panel on a S-Bahn in the Bergedorf yard in 1987 Photo Michael Timm ONE CITY BECOMES COLOURFUL
The Crime Partners CCCP CanTwo and Jase in front of their Pieces at Pein Pein in Halstenbek in 1988 Photo Fedor Wildhardt EINE STADT WIRD BUNT
Early Piece in Osterbekstraße in Barmbek photographed around 1987 Foto Geschichtswerkstatt EINE STADT WIRD BUNT
Young writers surfing the S-Bahn in 1989 Photo by Bernd Euler EINE STADT WIRD BUNT (A CITY BECOMES COLOURFUL)
Piece by Gabba and Gagarin against the gentrification of Ottensen 1988 Photo Antje F. Herbst ONE CITY BECOMES COLOURFUL
Rizky presents his airbrushed backpiece at Kampnagel in 1989 Photo Bernd Euler EINE STADT WIRD BUNTFor more information: www.shmh.de