- Norman Foster
BiographyOne of the best-known and most influential British architects and designers of recent decades, Norman Foster (1935) graduated in Manchester and was awarded his Master’s Degree at Yale, where he met Richard Rogers, with whom he worked between 1963 and 1967 at the studios of Team 4.
After parting ways with Rogers, Foster set up Foster Ass., now Foster and Partners, which works on projects all over the world, considered “among the most significant in contemporary architecture”.
With more than 700 employees and offices all over the world, Foster and Partners is one of the world’s most prolific architectural studios, with projects built in 50 different countries. The studio works on everything from masterplans to restoration of historic buildings, urban planning and all aspects of design.
Foster is primarily known for his use of advanced technology, an aspect which is particularly evident in his early projects, such as the IBM offices in New Hampshire, the Renault Centre in Swindon, and one of his best-known and most impressive projects: the Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank tower in Hong Kong (1979-1986), which many view as a masterpiece of high-tech architecture, 180 metres tall and covering 100 thousand square metres.
But it was in the ’nineties that Foster and Partners came to be a household word in modern architecture, with well-known innovative projects such as the Commerzbank Tower in Frankfurt, underground stations in Bilbao and London, Mikroelektronik Park in Duisburg and London’s Millennium Bridge. Many of these projects represent true challenges in planning for their complexity and innovative nature (the Beijing airport terminal, for instance, is the world’s largest). Foster pays special attention to social issues in architecture, seen as an element determining the quality of the environment and therefore of life itself.
Appointed life peer in 1999, over the course of his long career Foster has received hundreds of awards, including the Gold Medal of the French Academy (1991) and of the American Institute of Architects (1994). He has also been awarded the Stirling Prize (1998 and 2004), the Pritzker Prize (1999) and the Aga Khan Award (2007).
Selected projects Norman Foster's architect
- Skyscraper at 425 Park Avenue, New York (USA)
- Restoration and expansion of the Lenbachhaus Museum, Munich (Germany), 2013
- Yale School of Management, New Haven (USA), 2013
- BMCE Bank Branches, Rabat (Morocco), 2011
- Dolder Grand Hotel, Zurich (Switzerland), 2008
- Hearst Tower, New York (USA), 2006
- National Police Memorial, 2005
- Millennium Bridge, 2000
- Great Court British Museum, London (Great Britain), 2000
- Renewal of the Reichstag, Berlin (Germany), 1999
- Chep Lap Kok International Airport, Hong Kong, 1998
- Commerzbank Tower, Frankfurt (Germany), 1997
- Mikroelektronik Park, Duisburg (Germany), 1995
- Carré d’art, Nîmes (France), 1993
- Collserola Telecommunications Tower, Barcelona (Spain), 1992
- Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank, Hong Kong, 1986
- Renault Centre, Swindon, 1983
- Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, East Anglia University, Norwich, 1978
- Willis Faber Dumas, Ipswich (Great Britain), 1975
- IBM, Cosham-Greenford (Great Britain), 1971
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