Mecanoo and Mayu Architects designed the new Tanian library to contain over a million books.
The building is an inverted stepped pyramid on four levels, supported by 91 steel pylons, each of which is formed of four profiles with a round section joined by four intermediate tie plates which make them load-bearing, preventing unwanted structural performance, especially on the midline. At the same time, they visually recall the horizontal ribbing of bamboo, developed in nature for precisely the same purpose. In short, a graceful forest, painted white, 31 metres tall, with an emblematic total of 364 profiles with round bases. 46 of these are arranged around the perimeter, rising freely into the air for about 9 metres, creating the artificial forest the architects had in mind right from the start of the project not only on the outside but on the inside too, bearing the weight of the roof beams.
The aluminium façade is made of geometrically shaped profiles forming designs inspired by the traditional decorations appearing in the city centre, while at the same time recalling the city’s famous 17th-century Temple of Confucius. All with a champagne-coloured final surface.
But, in line with today’s trends, a library is not only for books and reading, and here, as in other libraries all over the world, there is also exhibition space and a permanent art collection, as well as a study room open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, with a total of 130 seats, a multimedia library, a 324 seat theatre and a conference hall with 123 seats.
All crowned by four courtyards where readers can find a quiet corner in a garden even while staying inside the building, far away from the noise of city traffic.
Realisation 2017-2020 (opening 2021)
Client Cultural Affairs Bureau, Tainan City Government, Taiwan
Project team Mecanoo and MAYU Architects
Construction Envision Engineering Consultants
Installation advisor Frontier Tech Institute of Engineering Design & Consultant
Wayfinding Path & Landforms
Contractor Fu Tsu Construction, Shing Tai Hydro-Power Engineering
Project Team Mecanoo
Design Principal: Francine Houben
Design Team: Rodrigo Louro, Friso van der Steen, Rodrigo Bandini, Johan Hanegraaf, Rachel Lin, Yuli Huang, Yuanyuan Chen, Natalia Leszcynska, George Orfanopoulos, Antonio Sanna, Wanjen Lin, Yunying Chiu, Tsailing Shih, Eliano Felicio, Nienke Andersson.
Project Team MAYU architects
Design Principal: Malone Chang, Yu-lin Chen
Design Team: (SD)Ting-yi Lo, Yun-shan Huang, Che-sheng Wang; (DD/CD)Ting-yi Lo, Che-sheng Wang, Chia-ru Lin, Beatrice Cordella, Meng-yue Ruan, Qi-ping Yang, Li-chi Yeh, Ya-zhi Guo, Che-kang liu; (CA)Yun-shan Huang, Chia-ru Lin, Ting-yi Lo, Ya-yun Wang, Wei-chieh Pan, Yun Chen, Ting-yi Li, Cheng-wei Li, Chih-hung Wang, Yung-hsien Fang, Jui-pao Chan, Tien-hsi Hsu, Ya-tieh Yu, Guan-wun Chen, Yu-lun Liang.