Located in the headquarters of Backaldrin Österreich The Kornspitz Company GmbH on the outskirts of Asten, beyond the Westautobahn, PANEUM welcomes visitors with its 3D shape designed by computer with numerical control. Its inward-looking shapes and daring forms contrast with the rural landscape. This structure devoid of right angles has no main façade but encourages visitors to contemplate it from all angles, and towers over the other buildings in the industrial complex, reminding some people of a loaf of bread, others of a face. According to Wolf D. Prix, the construction has no specific formal references; its surfaces covered with stainless steel shingles, over which light slips without interruption, create chiaroscuro effects like that of the drapery in Renaissance frescos, so that the impression it leaves behind is one of continual search for motion.
The architectural volume is made up of two essential parts: the first is a minimalist base, a concrete and glass box cast on site containing the foyer of PANEUM and rooms for events for a maximum of 120 people, as well as toilets and technical facilities. The second volume, sharply contrasting with the form of the first, is a hermetic metal wrapper inspired by the boldest modernity, containing a wooden heart which is the site of a sort of museum. Visitors are amazed to see that this freestanding structure is not made of metal or cement, but is a self-supporting wooden wrapper: only curved glulam permits creation of such a free form, underlined by the steel shingles.
As we enter the “box” through its base, as Wolf D. Prix says, we find ourselves in a bare space where all our attention is focused on the big spiral staircase leading to the exhibition spaces on two levels, lit up by daylight from a big skylight at the top. As we climb the staircase we find ourselves in an artificial space filled with a warm, cosy light, an irregular round space in which exhibition areas intersect. The complete absence of windows and therefore of connections with the world outside ensures that the visitor is totally immersed in what the architects call a wunderkammer of bread.
Wolf D. Prix comments on this source of inspiration: “When we first met, the founder of the PANEUM, Peter Augendopler, spoke in depth about his project. It immediately reminded me of a Wunderkammer. There is a picture of a Wunderkammer, full of exhibits, displayed on the floor, on the walls, and even on the ceiling. Sometimes it reminds me of catalogues that still exist today, where everything is all muddled together. I have not seen anyone put one down yet. Rather, one rummages through to find something interesting. So, I told Mr. Augendopler, “What I can create for you is a Wunderkammer.” From that moment on, we agreed.”
The continuous free form helps to convey the concept of the wundercammer, or chamber of marvels, a term used in the Baroque age to refer to an astounding collection of objects and implements centring around a single theme, a dizzying collection of inventions with instructional purposes. Here the theme is bread, in all the forms in which it has been expressed over centuries of history and art. Sculptures, paintings, curious objects displayed in a dizzying vortex of wood, in which, as the PANEUM demonstrates, there are no predefined exhibition routes, but a free, personal experience of learning.
Planning: COOP HIMMELB(L)AU – Wolf D. Prix & Partner ZT GmbH
Beginning of the project: 2014
Client: Backaldrin Österreich The Kornspitz Company GmbH
Design Principal: Wolf D. Prix
Design Partner: Karolin Schmidbaur
Project Lead: Friedrich Hähle, Günther Weber (until 2015)
Project and Design Architect: Stephan Sobl
Project Team: Albara Arab, Martina Bighignoli, Daniel Bolojan, Donna Riedel, Benjamin Schmidt, Damian Witt, Denitsa Parleva, Risa Kagami
Model Building: Win Man, Nam La Chi
Site Area: 3.750 sqm
Gross Floor Area: 1.850 sqm
Building Height: 20 m
Builder: Bauunternehmen Ing. Harald Weissel GmbH
Wood Construction: WIEHAG GmbH
Shingle Façade: LUMMEL GmbH & Co. KG (glass-bead blasted)
Steel Staircase: MetallArt Metallbau Schmid GmbH
Glass Façade Box/Sky Light Box/Cladding Collar (Elevator, Collar, Entrance): Pöttinger Metallwerkstätten GmbH
Photos by: ©Markus_Pillhofer