The new cultural centre stands on a 6000 square metre area in Mellat Park, a garden where people go to stroll and where a big sports complex has been built, as well as an international trade fair centre and, to the east, separated from it by a straight stretch on a major traffic artery, a large residential area of highly uniform constructions. The curved shape of the lot invited the architects to follow its sinuous course, which in turn depends on the curve in the Niayesh Hwy, the highway bordering the lot to the south, offering itself to the view of the drivers who speed along the highway without looking too closely at their surroundings. The Mellat Park Cineplex fits into the park like a natural element and in turn rejects any idea of geometric division of its parts, recreating the dynamism of the floor plan on its facade and adapting it to suit the functional needs of a place of entertainment. The longitudinal cross section reveals the subdivision into two blocks, the basement and the block above it, which extends from the ground floor up to the restaurant on the top level. The link between the basement and the ground floor, which contains 4 movie halls with 300 seats each, is represented by an extensive central plaza open on both sides, a modern interpretation of the eyvan, the courtyard with a vaulted roof typical of Islamic architecture. This is the building’s open heart, a site for public events and a passageway serving as a symbolic gateway between the city, the park and the mountains to the north. Vertical links to the movie halls and other areas (bookshop, coffee shop, offices and exhibition gallery in the basement) set off from the plaza, in the form of cement ramps which rise and fall along the fluid lines inspiring the building’s design, ideally continuing the winding paths of the park.
The imposing vertical structure of concrete and steel, left in view as an exaltation of the power of its rough unfinished surfaces, is associated with the transparency and horizontal lightness of walls made entirely out of glass, so that people walking along the ramps between the levels inside can look out over the park on one side and the city on the other.
A visual and architectural landmark integrated with its surroundings, Mellat Park Cineplex is a landmark built to allow people to look out the landscape and note the specific urban qualities of the city of Tehran.
by Mara Corradi
Design: Fluid Motion Architects (Reza Daneshmir, Catherine Spiridonoff)
Assistants: Bijan Vaziri, Arash Javadi, Amir Badiei, Akram Lolaei, Elaheh Najafi, Iman Nedaei, Mohammad Mehrabani, Majid Ahmadi, Iman Daneshvarnejad
Client: Development of Cultural Spaces Co. (Tehran Municipality)
Location: Tehran (Iran)
Structural design: Hamid Bastani Parizi (N.A.S Consulting Engineers.)
Mechanical consultancy: Badri Rahimzadeh
Electrical consultancy: Amir Shaabanzadeh
Builder: Nikan Niroo Co.
Mechanical and electrical systems: Arkan Arzesh Co.
Cinema equipment: Masoud Roostaei
Landscape design: Peyman Banishoraka
Total built surface area: 15400 m2
Lot size: 6000 m2
Concrete, glass and steel structure
Indoor flooring of “artificial stones”: Falat Sang Asia
Facades: Reynaers Aluminum
Lighting: Aftab Bahar Company
Elevators and escalators: Thyssen Kroop Company
Photographs: Ali Daghigh, Derek Kaplan, Reza Daneshmir