In the new Shenzhen Stock Exchange building, Rem Koolhaas and OMA have created an imposing, symbolic construction, dictating a new idiom for skyscraper design. The building’s innovative design challenges architectural conventions, placing the building’s widest base 36 metres above ground level on the tower. All financial activity takes place in a horizontal block of 3 overhanging floors with a surface area of 15,000 m2 per floor and a roof transformed into a hanging garden.
The rooftop garden enjoys views of the whole of Shenzhen, and in turn the building gives the city a new landmark, located on the main road through the financial district, which divides the city centre in half. On a skyline of office towers, the new stock exchange building reflects its modular vertical development and transforms its traditional configuration. The base is moved to the level of the sixth floor, leaving the ground floor access area free and offering citizens a big public square in which to gather. This pedestrian transit area, which also serves as the building’s entrance, establishes the building’s relationship with its urban surroundings, in line with today’s focus on establishing dialogue between architectural interiors and urban exteriors. The public can thus enjoy the city in many different ways without defined borders and boundaries.
While the entrance area providing access to office buildings, which serve as headquarters for many different companies and host a multitude of different activities, is normally experienced as a non-place which people pass through without stopping, in this case the intention is to use a semi-public space as a meeting place which becomes an integral part of the city’s urban fabric.
A second plaza, the building’s “financial” centre, is contained in the raised base of the building, which houses the trading floor and the offices providing related services: its prominent position in the heart of the building, where it is perfectly visible and identifiable even from far away, completely changes the look of the district, encouraging passers-by to raise their eyes, whereas before they looked at the ground or far away at the tops of the towers surrounding them in the financial district.
In technical terms, this raised base is joined to the structure of the tower which supports it. A translucent glass skin surrounds the whole building, revealing and emphasising its square modular structural grid. The combination of steel and glass lightens the impact of the building, an imposing complex measuring 265,000 square metres constructed on 39,000 square metres of land. The orderly weave of its façade ensures that the building can be easily read and understood, preventing its addition to the skyline as an element of pure decoration which is self-referential and alienated from its context.
Project: The New Headquarters for the Shenzhen Stock Exchange
Status: Competition: 1st prize 2006. Completion: October 2013
Client: Shenzhen Stock Exchange
Location: Shenzhen, China
Partners in charge:
Rem Koolhaas and David Gianotten, in collaboration with Ellen van Loon and Shohei Shigematsu
Associate in charge:
On Site Team:
Yang Yang, Wanyu He, Daan Ooievaar, Joanna Gu, Vincent Kersten, Yun Zhang
Kunle Adeyemi, Ryann Aoukar, Sebastian Appl, Laura Baird, Waichuen Chan, Jan Dechow, Lukas Drasnar, Matthew Engele, Leo Ferretto, Clarisa Garcia Fresco, Alasdair Graham, Jaitian Gu, Matthew Haseltine, João Ferreira Marques Jesus, Matthew Jull, Alex de Jong, Santiago Hierro Kennedy, Klaas Kresse, Miranda Lee, Anna Little, Luxiang Liu, David Eugin Moon, Cristina Murphy, Se Yoon Park, Ferdjan Van der Pijl, Franscesca Portesine, Idrees Rasouli, Korbinian Schneider, Wolfgang Schwarzwalder, Felix Schwimmer, Richard Sharam, Lukasz Skalec, Christine Svensson, Lukasz Szlachcic, Ken Yang Tan, Michela Tonus, Miroslav Vavrina, Na Wei, Xinyuan Wang, Leonie Wenz, Su Xia, Yunchao Xu, Yang Yang, Yun Zhang
Konstantin August, Andrea Bertassi, Joao Bravo da Costa, Tieying Fang, Pei Feng, Katharina Gerlach, Carlos Garcia Gonzalez, Martti Kalliala, Klaas Kresse, Anu Leinonen, Anna Little, Jason Long, Beatriz MInguez de Molina, Daniel Ostrowski, Yuanzhen Ou, Mauro Paraviccini, Mendel Robbers, Mariano Sagasta, Bart Schoonderbeek, Hiromasa Shirai, Kengo Skorick, Hong Yong Sook, Christin Svensson, Xinyuan Wang, Dongmei Yao
AMO: Todd Reisz, Brendan McGetrick
Level Acoustic: DHV Building and Industry: Bertie van de Braak, Caroline Kaas, Renz van Luxemburg, Theo Rijmakers
Landscape: Inside Outside: Petra Blaisse, Rosetta Elkin, Aura Melis, Jana Crepon with Laura Baird and Carmen Buitenhuis
Signage and Graphics: 2x4: Michael Rock, Sung Joong Kim, Ji Won Lee, Evan Allen, Celine Fu
QS: L&B Quantity Surveyors: Law Hing Wai, Melody Huang
Structure, Services, Fire, Project Management, Vertical Transportation, Building Physics, Building Intelligence, Geotechnics, Lighting: Arup
Team Leaders: Michael Kwok, Rory McGowan, Nancy Huang, Chas Pope, Kai-Sing Yung, Oliver Kwong
Structural engineering: Chas Pope, Goman Ho, Xiaonian Duan, Chris Carroll, Robin Ching, Guo-Yi Cui, Andrew Grant, Yue Hao, Jonathan Kerry, Di Liu, Peng Liu, Hui-yuan Long, Alex To, Fei Tong, Matthew Tsang, Yu-Bai Zhong, FX Xie, Liang Xu, Ling Zhou
Façade Engineering: Arup: Andy Lee, Gerald Hobday, Fanny Chan, Raymond Cheng, Kimi Shen
Front: Richard Green, Marc Simmons
Fire Engineering: Mingchun Luo, Dagang Guo, Li-Li Ma, Feng Rui, Yan-dong Wang,
Building Services engineering: Oliver Kwong, Kai-Sing Yung, Kenneth Chong, Alba Xu, Li Shen, Johnson Chen, WH Au, Michael Bradbury, Kitman Chan, Johnson Chen, Yong Guan, Andrew Lerpiniere, Eddycol Li, Yong-qiao Luo, Yi Ren, Lewis Shiu, Kenneth Sin, Julian Sutherland, Lu-peng Wang, Qi Wang, Yue Wang, Chris Wong, Sabrina Wong, William Wong, Tie-Jun Xiao, Dong Yan, Juliet Zhang, Li-ping Zhang, Lipy Zhang, Xue-li Zhu, Yue-Hui Zhu
Client Liaison: Nancy Huang, Wei Gao, Penny Liu, Jerry Zhang
Vertical transportiation: Matthew Tang, Julian Olley
Building physics: Vincent Cheng, Isaac Tang, Raymond Yau, Rumin Yin
Building intelligence: Patrick Leung, Michael Tomordy, Sam Tsoi, Henry Chan, Mark Chen, Jacky Lo , Wing-Shan Mak, Edwin Wong Geotechnical engineering: Mark Choi, Maggie Qing-Min Meng, Jason Ng, Wei-Guang Ruan
Lighting / LED: Steve Walker, Florence Lam, Sacha Abizadeh, Francesco Anselmo, Katie Davies, Junko Inomoto, David Lakin, Melissa Mak, Siegrid Siderius, Imke van Mil, Kevin Womack
Local Design Institute (Architecture & Engineering): SADI: Yuan Chao, Jing Chen, Jun Chen, Wen Deng, Bo Hong, James Hong, Zhen Hu, Ming Huang, Hanguo Li, Wenming Lin, Zhenhai Lin, Chen Liu, Qiongxiang Liu, Jianlin Mao, Jianmin Meng, Zhijian Qiu, Xiaoheng Shen, Xingliang Shi, Luming Shu, Nan Sun, Xiaohong Sun, Qiwen Wang, Yishan Wang, Chao Wu, Fenghua Xiao, Chuangui Xie, Baozhen Yang, He Yang, Hui Zhen, Wenxing Zhen
Photos: © Philippe Ruault, OMA